Associations between nature connectedness and mental health – mediating effects of coping strategies.
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The Maria Grzegorzewska Univeristy, Psychology Institute
Submission date: 2023-07-07
Final revision date: 2023-10-13
Acceptance date: 2023-10-15
Online publication date: 2024-06-27
Publication date: 2024-06-25
Corresponding author
Magdalena Gawrych   

The Maria Grzegorzewska Univeristy, Psychology Institute
Arch Psych Psych 2024;26(2):21-31
Aim of the study:
The study aimed to clarify the relationships between experienced nature connectedness (NC) and depression, anxiety and stress levels with mediating role of coping strategies.

Subject or material and methods:
Study group included 81 young adults (Mean = 28.02; SD 8.22) who completed questionnaires measuring nature connectedness, coping strategies, well-being, and mental illness. To verify whether the associations between connectedness to nature (measured by CNS) and mental health status (stress, anxiety and depression measured by DASS-21) are mediated by coping strategies parallel mediation analysis was employed. Following three coping strategies as mediators were tested: problem-focused coping strategy, emotion-focused coping strategy, avoidant-focused coping strategy.

Results showed a significant mediation of the association between nature connectedness and mental health via coping strategies. The study indicated that: 1) NC was indirectly related to stress and depression through its relationship with the problem-focused coping; 2) NC was neither directly nor indirectly associated with anxiety symptoms.

The health and wellbeing benefits of contact with nature are becoming increasingly recognized in psychology and medicine. Nevertheless, until now researchers haven't clearly recognized underlying mechanisms of nature-related mental health well-being. Presented study indicate one of the key pathways of associations.

The findings support thesis that nature connectedness seems to be a mental health protective factor.

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