Autonomous motivation, self-efficacy, and psychophysical wellbeing in a group of Polish breastfeeding mothers- preliminary communication
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University of Social Sciences and Humanities
Romana Kadzikowska-Wrzosek   

University of Social Sciences and Humanities, ul. Polna 16/20, 81-745 Sopot Sopot, Poland
Submission date: 2016-06-15
Final revision date: 2016-08-17
Acceptance date: 2016-08-17
Publication date: 2016-10-05
Arch Psych Psych 2016;18(3):58–67
Aim of the study:
Women’s decisions to quit breastfeeding are strongly influenced by feelings such as physical or psychological fatigue. The purpose of this study was to find out whether the autonomy of a breastfeeding mother’s motivation has an effect on her breastfeeding self-efficacy. Furthermore, the study examined the relationship between breastfeeding self-efficacy and such indicators of wellbeing as the frequency of experiencing positive and negative emotions, life satisfaction, and the occurrence of somatic symptoms.

Subject or material and methods:
The sample consisted of 93 breastfeeding mothers ages 21 to 42. The survey was conducted online. The participants answered a questionnaire measuring their level of autonomous motivation to breastfeed, their breastfeeding self-efficacy, the level of experienced somatic stress,the frequency of experiencing positive and negative emotions and life satisfaction.

The results of the study confirmed that the more autonomous the mother’s motivation to breastfeed her baby, the higher her breastfeeding self-efficacy. Self-efficacy turned out to be a significant predictor of the frequency of experiencing positive emotions, negative emotions, and somatic stress symptoms. No relationship was found between the mothers’ self-efficacy and their reported life satisfaction.

Autonomous motivation in breastfeeding mothers has a positive effect on their breastfeeding self-efficacy. The higher level of breastfeeding self-efficacy, the more positive are breastfeeding mothers’ subjective experiences.

Shaping autonomous motivation in breastfeeding women has a positive effect on their breastfeeding self-efficacy High breastfeeding self-efficacy, which has a positive effect on the mother’s wellbeing, may also contribute to longer duration of breastfeeding.