Brief intervention aimed at fetal alcohol syndrome prevention: effectiveness study
More details
Hide details
Saint-Petersburg State University
Ekaterina A Burina   

Saint-Petersburg State University
Submission date: 2020-01-21
Final revision date: 2020-08-07
Acceptance date: 2020-08-09
Online publication date: 2021-06-27
Publication date: 2021-06-27
Arch Psych Psych 2021;23(2):38–42
Aim of the study:
This article represents the results of the study aimed at the research of psychological effects of a dual-focused brief intervention for prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome and alcohol-exposed pregnancy among childbearing age women in Russia.

Subject or material and methods:
280 women took part in the research. The study used the following methods: screening, «Audit», Calendar method, baseline interview, follow-up interviews at 3, 6 and 12 months, the Big Five questionnaire, the method of motivational induction, the method of assessing the level of subjective control.

The study measured women’s knowledge about FAS and FASD, their attitudes towards alcohol consumption and in particular alcohol use during pregnancy, their real alcohol consumption level, use of contraception, the risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancy and possibly FAS or FASD, the socio-demographical characteristics and psychological features of women.

The main factor that influences the formation of attitudes for the refusal of drinking alcohol during pregnancy and the decrease in the level of real alcohol consumption is awareness of the impact of alcohol on the fetus and the health of women, which determines the main content of the prevention program: informing and brief intervention, motivating a change in attitudes and behavior.

The results of the study showed the effectiveness of dual-focused brief intervention and passive informing that were designed and used for FAS prevention.