Coping with stress in subjects who have experienced a traumatic situation
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Arch Psych Psych 2005;7(2):21-27
Does the traumatic experience influence the choice of a particular coping style? If yes, which style is preferred by those who experienced trauma? Answering these two essential questions is the aim of this paper: The authors have accepted the assumption (Holman, Silver), that the individuals who experienced trauma prefer past temporal orientation and they present a higher level of distress. The authors investigated two groups. The experimental group consisted of 46 victims of the Gdansk Shipyard concert hall fire. The control group comprised the 41 individuals who never experienced any trauma. Two psychological methods were used. CISS - Endler and Parker, which measures coping styles, as well as the STAI - Spielberger and al., which was the second method applied, measuring the level of anxiety as an essential distress indicator: The results show, that individuals who experienced trauma, presented a significantly higher level of anxiety and that the victims of trauma prefer the emotional coping style. The difference between the groups is statistically significant. There is also an indirect conclusion (based on these results), which confirms the above mentioned assumption.
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