Social support for earthquake victims in East Azerbaijan, Iran
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Emergency Medicine Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Nutrition Research Center, Department of Public Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Health Promotion research center, Zahedan University of Medical Science, Zahedan, IR IRAN.
Assistance professor, Department of Psychology, Fatemiyeh Shiraz, Nongovermental, Nonprofit High education Institute, Shiraz, Iran.
Submission date: 2017-03-07
Final revision date: 2017-09-06
Acceptance date: 2017-09-07
Publication date: 2017-12-18
Corresponding author
Mohammadreza Ebrahimi   

Emergency Medicine Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran., Shiraz, +98 Shiraz, Iran
Arch Psych Psych 2017;19(4):66-72
Aim of the study:
Introduction: One important factor in disaster relief is to maintain the injured people’s mental health. Therefore, this study was designed and conducted with the aim of investigating the social support in earthquake victims in east Azerbaijan.

Subject or material and methods:
Materials and Methods: This study was a cross – sectional descriptive one. The population included the earthquake victims in the city of Ahar and its villages in East Azerbaijan province. The sample size of 300 was estimated based on Morgan table. The data collection tools were the socio-demographic questionnaire as well as the Social Support Inventory MOS (social support scale). The independent t-test, ANOVA and Pearson Correlation Coefficient statistical tests were used for data analysis.

Results: Among the 300 subjects participated in the study, 115 earthquake victims (38.3%) were female and 185 (61.7%) were male. Most of the participants evaluated the total social support as average (51.3%) and low (41.3 %%). The total and tangible social support had a significant relationship with the variables gender, marital status, education and occupation (P-value ≤ 0.05).

Discussion: The study results showed that the majority of earthquake victims evaluated the social support after the earthquake nearly average. Regarding tangible social support subscale, most participants reported it was average. This was also true about emotional support with some slight difference, but most participants stated that informational support was low.

Conclusion: Our finding showed that the majority of earthquake victims described the social support for earthquake victims as average to low.

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