Positive and negative urgency and sleep quality among patients with borderline and antisocial personality disorder
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Mohaghegh Ardabili
University of Guilan
University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
Mina Taherifard   

Mohaghegh Ardabili, Daneshgah Street, Pstal code: 56199-11367, Ardabil, P.O.BOX: 179., ardabil, Gendarmerie Street, Farhangiyan, Shahid Jedi 2 Alley, Plaque 42., 56149-75178 Ardabil, Iran
Submission date: 2015-10-02
Acceptance date: 2016-01-04
Publication date: 2016-05-01
Arch Psych Psych 2015;17(4):105–112
Aim of the study:
The aim of the present study was to compare positive and negative urgency as well as sleep quality among patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD).

Subject or material and methods:
The present study is causal-comparative. The sample includes 50 patients diagnosed with ASPD and 50 patients diagnosed with BPD, as well as 50 healthy persons. Also, all subjects were selected based on availability. The instrument used was Lynam et al Impulse Control Scale and Pittsburg’s Sleep Quality Index .

The results show that the mean of negative urgency in BPD patients is significantly higher than ASPD patients. Also, the mean of positive urgency in ASPD patients is significantly higher than BPD patients. Dimensions of sleep quality in both BPD and ASPD patients are significantly higher than healthy persons (P<0.01).

The results show that a significant difference exists among the BPD and ASPD patients and healthy group in the positive and negative urgency and sleep quality.

We found that BPD and ASPD patients, manifest reckless behaviors when experience, respectively, due to more negative urgency when experiencing negative emotional situations and positive urgency when experiencing positive emotional situations. The both show weaker sleep quality which has diagnostic and therapeutic implications.