Psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Body Attitude Test
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University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Campus in Katowice
KU Leuven, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Research Group for Adapted Physical Activity and Psychomotor Rehabilitation
Submission date: 2013-10-03
Final revision date: 2013-11-17
Acceptance date: 2013-12-15
Publication date: 2014-03-18
Corresponding author
Anna Brytek-Matera   

University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Campus in Katowice, ul. Kossutha 9, 40-844 Katowice, Poland
Arch Psych Psych 2014;16(1):39-46
Aim of the study:
Polish studies have not been focused on measures which assess attitude toward one’s own body. The purpose of the study was to develop the Polish version of the Body Attitude Test (BAT) and examine its reliability.

Subject or material and methods:
The study included 48 patients with anorexia nervosa, 39 patients with bulimia nervosa as well as 115 female university students. The mean age was 18.69 years (SD = 3.52) in women with anorexia, 22.28 years (SD = 3.79) in women with bulimia as well as 20.53 years (SD = 1.79) in women without a current eating disorder. The mean duration of illness was 3.31 years (SD = 2.71) in patients with anorexia and 5.10 years (SD = 2.92) in patients with bulimia, respectively.

The BAT demonstrates satisfactory levels of internal reliability (α = .892). The BAT was strongly related with the Eating Disorder Inventory subscales: drive for thinness (r = .687, p < .001), ineffectiveness (r=.643, p<.001) and body dissatisfaction (r=.634, p<.001) and the Self-Esteem Inventory subscale: familial self-esteem (r=-.601, p<.001). Women with eating disorders presented more negative body experience than women without a current eating disorder. In addition, patients with bulimia had more negative appreciation of their body size in comparison with patients with anorexia.

The results support the criterion validity of the BAT which is able to differentiate clinical from non-clinical subjects.

The Polish version of the BAT could be used as an appropriate measure assessing subjective attitude towards the body in women with and without eating disorders in Poland.

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