School bullying and symptoms of depression
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University of Tirana
eglantina dervishi   

University of Tirana
Submission date: 2018-10-15
Final revision date: 2019-02-04
Acceptance date: 2019-02-04
Online publication date: 2019-06-15
Publication date: 2019-06-15
Arch Psych Psych 2019;21(2):48–55
Aim of the study:
The purpose of the present study is to explore the relationship between bullying behavior and depressive symptoms in adolescents

Subject or material and methods:
Methods:The research study included 284 teenagers, of whom 145 (51.1%) females and 139 (48.9%) males. Students ranged from the age of 13 to the maximum at 18 years old. Average age of surveyed students (M = 15.5) years with a standard deviation SD 1.2. The data were collected through the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI, Kovacs, 1978) and the Reciprocal Relationship Assessment Questionnaire (PRQ) (Rigby & Slee, 1994).

The results revealed that there is a significant statistical relationship between the frequency of adolescent victimization and their depressive symptoms (Sig 2 tailed = 0.00 <0.05), so children who were more prey to bulling behaviors experienced more depressive symptoms (0.3 < r = 0.485 <0.6).

The relationship between victimizing behaviors and depressive symptoms in adolescents seems to be at the same time controlling the gender, age, and academic performance variables. The findings revealed that prey to depression symptoms were also adolescents included in the victim's and aggressor's profile.

Conclusions: Being a victim or aggressor compose a strong indicator relating to the likely chances to be affected by depression. In this aspect, variables such as age, gender and academic achievement seem to have no significant role in the bulling-depression binomial function.